Українська Русский English

ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2020; 66(1): 83-88


IN THE STATE OF IMMUNE RESISTANCE OF AN ORGANISM OF PEOPLE WITH DIFFERENT PHYSICAL TRAINING

O.Yu. Goncharenko, M.V. Belikova

    National University of Physical Education and Sport of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz66.01.083

Abstract

We studied changes in the amount and the ratio between various subclasses of T-lymphocytes in 25 basketball athletes (qualification of MS and MSIC, 28.2 ± 5.3 years old) and 60 persons (27.8 ± 5.1 years old) who before participating in the study did not play sports and have a sedentary lifestyle. The amount of different subclasses of T-lymphocytes was measured in all the participants. Blood sampling was performed before the start of the study and in 2 months. All the participants were divided into four groups: groups II and IV were trained for 2 months according to the author’s technique of power fitness. As a result of the proposed physical activity, an increase in the amount of T-helpers in the blood of group IV athletes was found as well as an improvement in the immunoregulatory index. The proposed power fitness technique had a positive effect on the immunity indicators of people who have not been previously involved in sports. For this numerous category a longer period of continuous sports activities can be recommended.

Keywords: immune resistance; T-lymphocytes; physical activity; immunoregulatory index.

References

  1. Brown FF, Bigley AB, Ross JC, LaVoy EC, Simpson RJ, Galloway SDR. T-lymphocyte populations following a period of high volume training in female soccer players. Physiol Behav. 2015;152, 175-81. CrossRef PubMed
  2.  
  3. Gałązka-Franta A, Jura-Szołtys E, Smółka W, Gawlik R. Upper respiratory tract diseases in athletes in different sports disciplines. J Hum Kin. 2016;53(1):99-106. CrossRef PubMed PubMedCentral
  4.  
  5. Mackinnon LT, ChickTW, Van AsA, Tomasi TB. The effect of exercise on secretory and natural immunity. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1987;869-76. CrossRef PubMed
  6.  
  7. Minuzzi LG, Rama L, Bishop NC, Rosado F, Martinho A, Paiva A, Teixeira AM. Lifelong training improves antiinflammatory environment and maintains the number of regulatory T cells in masters athletes. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2017;117(6):1131-40. CrossRef PubMed
  8.  
  9. Chernozub AA. Features of adaptation reactions of men in the conditions of force loading. Fiziol Zh. 2015;61(5):99-107. [Ukrainian]. CrossRef PubMed
  10.  
  11. Morgado JP, Matias CN, Monteiro CP, Alves F, ReisJF, Santos DA, Laires MJ. Comparison of immunohematological profile between endurance and power-oriented elite athletes. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2017;42(3):257-62. CrossRef PubMed
  12.  
  13. Khodaee M, Grothe HL, Seyfert JH, Van Baak K. Athletes at high altitude. Sports health: Multidisciplinary Approach. 2016;8(2):126-32. CrossRef PubMed PubMedCentral
  14.  
  15. Peake JM, Neubauer O, Walsh NP, Simpson RJ. Recovery of the immune system after exercise. J App Physiol. 2017;122(5):1077-87. CrossRef PubMed
  16.  
  17. Titova HV, Bodnar AI, Petrenko OV, Chaban IO, Abramov KV. Bodys trenght fitness a sone of the perspective form of physical activity influence on age-dependent adaptive changes in men's organism. Ukr J Med Biol Sport. 2017; 1:231-34. [Ukrainian]. CrossRef
  18. O.Yu. Bredun, O.F. Mel'nikov, M.D. Timchenko, I.V. Faraon, Goncharenko OYu. Methods of enhancing immune resistance through physical activity. Kyiv; 2018. [Ukrainian].
  19.  
  20. Brunelli DT, Rodrigues A, Lopes WA, Gáspari AF, Bonganha V, Montagner PC, Cavaglieri CR. Monitoring of immunological parameters in adolescent basketball athletes during and after a sports season. J Sports Sci. 2014;32(11):1050-59. CrossRef PubMed
  21.  
  22. Dopsaj V, Martinovic J, Dopsaj M, Kasum G, KoturStevuljevic J, Koropanovski N. Hematological, oxidative stress, and immune status profiling in elite combat sport athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2013;27(12):3506-14. CrossRef PubMed
  23.  
  24. Cury-Boaventura MF, Gorjão R, de Moura NR, Santos VC, Bortolon JR, Murata GM, Hatanaka E. The effect of a competitive futsal match on T-lymphocyte surface receptor signaling and functions. Front Physiol. 2018; 9. CrossRef PubMed PubMedCentral
  25.  
  26. Prieto-Hinojosa A, Knight A, Compton C, Gleeson M, Travers PJ. Reduced thymic output in elite athletes. Brain Behav Immun. 2014;39:75-9. CrossRef PubMed
  27.  
  28. Petrović J, StanićD, Dmitrašinović G, Plećaš-Solarović B, Ignjatović S, Batinić B, Pešić V. Magnesium supplementation diminishes peripheral blood lymphocyte DNA oxidative damage in athletes and sedentary young man. Oxidative Med Cell Long. 2016;1-7. CrossRef PubMed PubMedCentral

© National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, 2014-2020.