Українська English

ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2012; 58(5): 70-77

The changes of physiological reactivity of cardiorespiratory system to respiratory homeostasis with the use of complex stimulation of special work capacity

Lysenko OM.

    National University of Physical Education and Sport ofUkraine, Kyiv, Ukraine


We present the infuence of the program of special additional stimulation of work capacity of high-performance athletes on the sensitivity of cardiorespiratory system to hypercapnic and hypoxic shifts in respiratory homeostasis. We found that under the infuence of the pre-start complex a decrease in the sensitivity of ventilator responses to СО2-Н+ stimuli in combination with a reduction in the thresholds of the reaction take place. This creates conditions for increased mobilization properties of the cardiorespiratory system and economiza-tion of its reaction under conditions of changes of respiratory homeostasis characteristic of intense training and competitive loads in the sport.

Keywords: cardiorespiratory system, skilled athletes, hypercapnicand hypoxic shifts in respiratory homeostasis,program of special additional stimulation means of specialwork capacity.


  1. Aidaraliev AA, Baevsky RM, Bersneva AP Comprehensive assessment of the body's functional reserves. Frunze: Ilim, 1988. 162 p.
  3. Breslav IS, Isaev GG, Shmelev AM The value of chemoreceptor stimuli for the rate of on and off of the respiratory response to muscle work . Byul. experiment. biology and medicine. 1981. 90, N 5. P.522-525. CrossRef  
  4. Vinogradov VE Complex of means of preliminary (pre-launch) stimulation of special working capacity of qualified athletes long jumpers. Coll. Sciences ave .: Actual problems of physical culture and sports. K .: Sciences. World, 2003. P. 177-182.
  6. Vinogradov V. Use of respiratory training for correction of fatigue-induced reduction of kinetics and sensitivity of reactions of energy supply functions of skilled athletes . Theory and Methods of Phys. education and sports. 2004. N 1. P.93-96.
  8. Isaev GG Respiratory regulation in muscular work. L .: Nauka, 1990. 120 p.
  10. Iseev LV, Medny A.Ya., Vorobyev VE, Abdrahmanov VR The sensitivity of the apparatus of regulation of respiration to CO2 in simulated conditions of space flight . Kosm. biology and aerospace. medicine. 1988. 22, N 2. P.16-20.
  12. Mishchenko VS, Kirilova RS On some features of the regulation of breathing in children and adolescents engaged in sports . Fiziol. zh. 1976. 22, N 2. P.246-255.
  14. Mischenko VS Physiological mechanisms of optimization of reactivity of the respiratory system of a person in the development of its functionality in the conditions of intense sports training. In the book: Biomedical basics of training of qualified athletes. K .: KIFIF, 1986. P.67-82.
  16. Mischenko VS Functionality of athletes. K .: Health, 1990. 200 p.
  18. Mishchenko VS, Pavlik AI, Siversky DE Dosing of unidirectional loads in microcycles of training of qualified swimmers on the basis of control of physiological reactivity. In the book: Management of the process of adaptation of the body of athletes of high qualification. K .: KIFIF, 1992. P.46-56.
  20. Mishchenko VS, Lysenko OM, Vinogradov VE Types of physiological reactivity of the respiratory system and the specificity of the display of special performance of athletes . Fiziol. Zh.  2006. 52, N 4. pp. 69-77.
  22. Mischenko VS, Lysenko EN, Vinogradov VE Reactive properties of the cardiorespiratory system as a reflection of adaptation to strenuous physical training in sports. K .: Sciences. World, 2007. 351 p.
  24. Platonov VN The system of training athletes in Olympic sports. General theory and its practical applications. K .: Olymp. lit. ra, 2004. 808 p.
  26. Serebrovskaya TV sensitivity to hypoxic and hypercapnic stimulus as reflection of individual human reactivity . Patol. physiology and experiment. therapy. 1985. 29, N 5. P.65-69.
  28. Bouchard C. Determinantes geneticos del rendimiento de resistencia . Eds. R.J. Shephard, P. O.Astrand. Barce­lona: Paidotribo, 1996. P.159-170.
  30. Campball E., Agostoni E., Davis J. The Respiratory Muscle. London, 1970. 278 p.
  32. Clark J., Singlair R., Lenox J. Chemical and nonchemical components of ventilation during hypercapnic exercise in man . J. Appl. Physiol. 1980. 48, N 6. P.1065-1076. CrossRef PubMed
  34. Sunningham D. The control system regulation breath­ing in man . Quart. Rev. Biophysics. 1974. 6, N 6. P.433-483. CrossRef PubMed
  36. Euler C. von. On the functional organization of the genera­tors of rhythmic motor synergy in breathing. In: Central neurone environment and control systems of breathing and circulation. Berlin, 1983. P.157-163. CrossRef  
  37. Katayama K., Sato Y., Morotome Y., Shima N., Ishida K., Mori S., Miyamura M. Ventilatory chemosensitive adaptations to intermittent hypoxic exposure with endurance training and detraining . J. Appl. Physiol. 1999. 86, N 6. P. 1805-1811. CrossRef PubMed
  39. Kelley M.A., Lauff M., Millman K. Ventilatory response to hypercapnia before and after athletic training . Respira­tory. Physiol. 1984. 55. P.393-400. CrossRef  
  40. Mc Clean P.A., Phillipson E.A., Martines D., Zamel D. Single breath of CO2 as a clinical test of the peripheral chemorefex . J. Appl. Physiol. 1988. 64, N 1. P.84-89. CrossRef PubMed
  42. Okuma T., Fujitsuke N. Ventilatory response to hypercap-nia during sprint and long-distance swimmers . Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 1980. 43. P.235-241. CrossRef PubMed
  44. Ohyabu Y., Usami A., Ohyabu I., Ishida Y., Miyagawa C., Arai T., Honda Y. Ventilatory and heart rate chemosensi-tivity in track-and-feld athletes . Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 1990. 59. P.460-464. CrossRef PubMed
  46. Rebuck A.S. Measurement of ventilatory response to CO2 by rebreathing . Chest. 1976. 70, Suppl. P. 121. CrossRef PubMed
  48. Wasserman K. Breathing during exercise . Engl. J. Med. 1978. 298, N 14. P.780-789. CrossRef PubMed

© National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, 2014-2024.