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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2011; 57(3): 62-68


Altered collagene characteristics and lysyl oxidase activity in lathyrism

Volodina TT, Dzvonkevych ND, Petrun' LM, Krysiuk IP, Popova NM, Shandrenko SH, Dmytrenko MP

    Palladin’s institute of biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz57.03.062

Abstract

Experiments were carried out on rats with lathyrism, which was induced by adding semicarbazide (0.075%) into drinking water for 45 days. The data obtained show a 30% reduction in the body weight and an increase in.organ weight coefficients. Semicarbazide intake led to the pelvic limb paralysis, scolio-sis, bone tissue degradation, cartilage growth, 46% decrease of the calcium level in the femur. It has been detected essential structural changes in extracellular matrix based on the collagen cross-links reduction. The activity of lysyl oxidase, a key enzyme for the collagen development, showed 5-fold decrease in the aorta tissues. The level of formaldehyde, a nonenzymic cross-links developer, has been measured in the liver tissue by the aldehyde trap (5,5-dimethylcyclohexane-1,3-dione) admin­istration and then fluorimetric determination of formal-dimedone. Under semicarbazide load, the formaldehyde level in the liver tissue was reduced by 47%. Therefore, semicarbazide influences not only the enzymic development of aldehyde groups in collagen, but the level of other alde­hydes, which can cause cross-links. This experimental model of lathyrism is appropriate for investigation of the lysyl oxi-dase inhibitors effect on extracellular matrix.

Keywords: lathyrism, semicarbazide, collagen, lysyl oxidase,cross-links, formaldehyde

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