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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2011; 57(1): 9-16


Mitochondrial Na+-Ca2+-exchanger inhibitor CGP37157 produces endothelial cell depolarization with membrane potential oscillations

Bondarenko OI, Sahach VF

    Bogomoletz Institute of physiology NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz57.01.009

Abstract

We explored the effect of inhibitor of mitochondrial Na+–Ca2+-exchanger CGP37157 and the effect of mitochondria perme­ability transition pore inhibitor, cyclosporine A, on the membrane potential and electrical responses to endothelium-dependent dilators in intact endothelial cells from excised rat aorta and EA.hy 926 endothelial cells. Cyclosporin A did not affect the resting membrane potential and hyperpolarization to acetylcholine and histamine in intact and cultured cells. In contrast, CGP37157 (20 mcM) evoked membrane depolariza­tion in unstimulated cells and suppressed the sustained component of hyperpolarization to acetylcholine and hista-mine both in intact and cultured endothelial cells, respectively. This was accompanied by a pronounced depolarization with membrane potential oscillations, which were not observed in the absence of Ca2+. We conclude that CGP37157 modulates endothelial membrane potential at rest and electrical responses to endothelium-dependent dilators. Possible mechanisms accompanying the CGP37157 action are discussed.

Keywords: endothelial cells, mitochondrial Na+–Ca2+-еxchanger, CGP37157, electrical responses

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