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Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2010; 56(5): 95-105

Spontaneously active ion channels of the nuclear envelope membrane

Fedorenko OA, Marchenko SM

    O.O. Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, National Academyof Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine


The genetic apparatus of the eukaryotic cells is enclosed by the nuclear envelope, which consists of two membranes, the inner and the outer ones, and can be regarded as the specific part of the endoplasmatic reticulum of the cell. There are nuclear pores in the nuclear membranes – complexes, which provide the highly selective transport of macromolecules and passive transport of ions and small molecules. Besides, ion channels selective to cations and anions were described in the inner and the outer nuclear membranes. The physiological significance of these channels is not still clear because of the difficulty of access for the direct electrophysiological investigation, but we can suppose that they can play an important role in the ion balance between the cytoplasm/nucleoplasm and the nuclear lumen. In this review we gathered and analyzed data about spontaneously active ion channels which were found in the membranes of the nuclear envelope from cells of different types and tried to propose their functional meaning.

Keywords: ion channels, nuclear envelope, nuclear pore,intracellular signaling, calcium signal, Ca2+ store of the cell.


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