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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2007; 53(3): 82-90


Cytokines and their rolein reproductive system

R.I.Yanchiy, T.Yu.Voznesenska, O.A.Shepel.

    Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, National Academy ofScience of Ukraine, Dept. of Immunology and CytotoxicSerums, Kyiv


Abstract

In this review we analyze the involvement of cytokines in regulation of ovarian function. A growing body of evidence suggests that the ovary is a site of inflammatory reactions. Immune-competent cells present within the ovary may constitute potential in-situ modulators of ovarian function that act through local secretion of regulatory soluble factors – cytokines. In addition many over cell in the ovary also pro- duce cytokines independently of the presence of leukocytes, thus ovaries are sites of cytokine action and production. There are many evidences that cytokines are involved in the ovarian control of follicular development and are surveyed as the important regulators of steroidogenesis and gamete produc- tion. It is established that cytokines generally inhibit gonadot- ropin-stimulated production of steroids. However ovarian ste- roids, in turn, reduce the cytokine production by immune- competent cells. There are some data about participation of cytokines in regulating the proliferation and differentiation of granulose cells. Most cytokines appear in mammalian follicles only a short time before ovulation and play the important role in process of ovulation and luteinization. Thus a variety of clinical situations may be due to cytokine action in the gonads, and therapeutic manipulation of the immune system may af- fect reproductive function. Moreover the findings about the expression of some cytokines by oocytes and their presence in follicular fluid provide further evidence and substantiate the physiologic role for their in ovarian function, and may lead to clinical applications in programs of in vitro fertilization and in diagnosis and treatment of infertility in women, especially in cases attributed to ovarian dysfunction.

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