Українська Русский English

ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2005; 51(4): 86-95

Respiratory function dynamicsin individuals with increased motoractivity during standard exercisetesting

A.Andziulis, A.Gocentas, N. Jascaniniene,J. Jaszczanin, A. Juozulynas, M. Radzijewska.

    1Vilnius University, Lithuania;2Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine at VilniusUniversity;3Vilnius Pedagogical University;4University of Szczecin, Physical Culture Institute, Poland.


Functional diagnostics is one of the most important areas of sports medicine, which plays an increasingly role in selection of athletes, optimisation of training, early diagnostics and pro- phylaxis of sports pathology. Functional condition of the body undergoes constant changes under the influence of a number of factors. The differences may be considerable and pose prob- lems related to the recruitment of athletes to teams in game sports and in individual sports. Physical ability is determined by the quality of external breathing and cardiovascular func- tions and by peculiarities of metabolism related to the tissue breathing and transport of substrates. In qualitative assess- ment of these phenomena one must relate the parameters of the individual’s functional conditions to the required or de- sired values, i.e. norms. On the other hand, there exist no norms for a comprehensive evaluation of the Lithuanian per- sons’ physical capacity and breathing system and metabolic function capacity including residents going in for sports. It is not clear whether one may rely upon the nomograms drawn up by foreign authors because they may not be applicable to Lithuanian athletes for a number of possible reasons: differ- ences in training methods, regional cultural environment (dif- ferences in energy requirements in daily life), nutritional as- pects, even demographic peculiarities taking into account limited assimilation level and small number of inhabitants. It has been established that the maximum oxygen uptake indicators reflecting the body’s dynamic potential are different in elite athletes when evaluated during a standard ergo metric test. The aerobic capacity is determined by all links in the oxygen transport chain, since both heart rate (HR) and breathing indi- cators (VE-ventilation volume, PEF-peak expiratory flow and RR-respiratory rate) are characterised by equally good correlation with the oxygen uptake indicators and high deter- mination coefficients (all r>0.95, R2>95%, p<0.01).


  1. ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescrip-tion. 6th edition, Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins,Philadelphia, 2000.
  2. ATS/ACCP Statement on Cardiopulmonary ExerciseTesting // Amer. J. Resp. Crit. Care Med. – 2003.– 167(2).– P. 211–277.
  3. Bassett D., Howley E.T. Limiting factors for maxi-mum oxygen uptake and determinants of enduranceperformance // Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. – 2000.– 32(1).– P. 70–84.
  4. Bosquet L., Leger L., Legros P. Methods to determineaerobic endurance // Sports Med. – 2002.– 32(11). –P. 675–700.
  5. Gore C.P. Physiological tests for elite athletes // Aus-tralian Sports Commission. Human Kinetics, Cham-paign. – 2000.
  6. International Olympic Committee Medical Commissio // Sport medicine manual. Lausanne. – 1990.
  7. Jones A.M., Whipp B.J. Bioenergetic constraints ontactical decision making in middle distance running //Brit. J. Sports Med. – 2002.– 36(2). – P. 102–104.
  8. Jones N.L., Killian K.J. Exercise limitation in healthand disease // N. Engl. J. Med. – 2000.–31, 343(9). –P. 632–641.
  9. 9. Maron B.J., Thompson P.D., Puffer J.C. et al. Cardio-vascular preparticipation screening of competitive ath-letes // Circulation. – 1996.–94. – P. 850–856.
  10. 10. Tipton C.M. Sports medicine: a century of progress//J. Nutr. – 1997, 127(5). – P. 878–885.
  11. Tomlin D.L., Wenger H.A. The relationship betweenaerobic fitness and recovery from high intensity intermit-tent exercise. – Sports Med. – 2001.– 31(1). – P. 1–11.
  12. Tschakovsky M.E., Hughson R.L. Interaction of fac-tors determining oxygen uptake at the onset of exer-cise // J. Appl Physiol. – 1999, 86(4). – P. 1101–1113.
  13. Wasserman K., Hansen J.E., Sue D.Y. et al. Principlesof exercise testing and interpretation. 3rd edition.Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia. – 1999.
  14. Weisman I.M., Zeballos R.J. An integrated approachto the interpretation of cardiopulmonary exercise test-ing // Clin Chest Med. – 1994, 15(2). – P. 421–445.

© National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, 2014-2018.