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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2003; 49(1): 67-75


Morpho-functional changes in circulating neutrophils at physiological and complicatedpregnancy

S.B. Koval

    Ін-т фізіології ім. О.О.Богомольця НАН України,Київ


Abstract

A comparative study of the morpho-functional characteristics of the circulating neutrophils was carried out by the electron microscopy method on women with physiological pregnancy and pregnancy-induced hypertension or EPH gestosis . Some leukocyte reactions were observed, and their intensity depended on the clinical manifestation of the EPH gestosis. In neutrophils there were detected reformation in the nucleus in the form of redistribution of the ratio between heterochromatin and euchromatin, as well as changes in the ultra-structure of nucleolemma. Both an amount of glycogen and initial or azurophil granules in the cytoplasm decreased very much but solubilization of their enzymes in cytosol did not occur. Such degranulation was due to the features of exocytosis which determined an extraleukocytic release of the content from the primary granules. The data obtained evidence that neutrophils are functionally active in the vascular bed and are likely to take part in the humoral regulation of the whole organism.

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