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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2024; 70(2): 75-81

The influence of phenformin on the extracellular matrix of the liver of rats under long-term administration of ethanol

A.O. Mykytenko, O.Y. Akimov, K.S. Neporada

    Poltava State Medical University, Poltava, Ukraine


Experimental and clinical studies have revealed the influence of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling on the development of non-alcoholic liver fibrosis. Currently, the results of experimental studies demonstrate that inhibition of AMPK promotes fibrogenesis, while its activation prevents the development of liver fibrosis. The purpose of this work is to establish the effect of activation of AMP-activated protein kinase by the administration of phenformin on the content of glycosaminoglycans, oxyproline and sialic acids in the liver of rats under the conditions of long-term administration of ethanol. The study was conducted on 24 male Wistar rats. The animals were randomly divided into 4 groups of 6 animals each, on which we modeled ethanol-induced liver damage and administered phenformin hydrochloride at a dose of 10 mg/kg. The experiment lasted 63 days. In the liver of rats, the content of total glycosaminoglycans, the concentration of heparin-heparan, keratan-dermatan and chondroitin fractions of glycosaminoglycans, the content of free oxyproline and sialic acids were studied. Long-term alcoholization leads to a violation of the extracellular matrix of the liver of rats, which is evidenced by a decrease in the concentration of proteoglycans and a redistribution of their fractions in the direction of a decrease in anti-inflammatory and regenerative fractions. Chronic intake of alcohol increases the processes of desialylation of glycoconjugates and the intensity of collagenolysis. Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase by administration of phenformin under the conditions of simulating ethanol-induced liver damage leads to an increase in the concentration of glycosaminoglycans due to the growth of heparin-heparan and chondroitin fractions and reduces the intensity of desialylation of glycoconjugates and collagenolysis in the liver of rats.

Keywords: liver; AMP-activated protein kinase; phenformin; extracellular matrix; ethanol; alcoholassociated liver disease; glycosaminoglycans; collagen; sialic acids; oxyproline.


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