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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2023; 69(3): 10-23


V.B. Stetseviat1, N.M. Voronych-Semchenko1, M.M. Bahrii2, T.V. Huranych1

  1. Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Ukraine
  2. Institute of the Pathology and Cytology, University Clinic Ruppin-Brandenburg, Federal State Brandenburg, Germany


Carbohydrate metabolism markers, thyroid profile indexes, transaminase activity and structural features of liver were studied, taking into account sexual dimorphism, in rats which were keeping on a high-fructose diet under conditions of adequate iodine supply and pre- and postnatal iodine deficiency. It was found that under fructose loading of animals with iodine deficiency the risk of insulin resistance (IR) development increases (HOMA-IR index in insulin-resistant male rats under conditions of pre- and postnatal iodine deficiency increases respectively by 22 and 13% compared to the data in animals that received a high-carbohydrate diet and adequate iodine supply). It is important, that in males and females with IR, the secretion of free triiodothyronine decreased by 36 and 40%, thyroid-stimulating hormone – by 28 and 34%, respectively, compared to the data of intact animals. The development of IR was accompanied by the activation of aminotransferases in blood serum (more in males). In particular, in male rats with IR under conditions of pre- and postnatal iodine deficiency, the activity of aspartate aminotransferase increased by 2.7 and 2.4 times, alanine aminotransferase – by 3.9 and 2.7 times, respectively, which led to a decrease of the de-Ritis index (more significantly against the background of prenatal iodine deficiency – by 25%) in relation to the data in animals that were on a standard diet. The activity of aminotransferases in rats with IR under conditions of iodine deprivation was higher than in animals with isolated iodine deficiency – by 11-56% and IR – by 13-47 %. In animals with IR, the presence of binucleated hepatocytes with a diffuse decrease in the number of glycogen granules in them and accumulation of glycoproteins in the wall of liver vessels were found. The foci of fatty dystrophy and pronounced zonal character of dystrophic processes in hepatocytes were identified in females, diffuse dystrophy prevailed in males. In the cytoplasm of hepatocytes of animals with IR under conditions of prenatal iodine deficiency, the lightening and the granularity, single granules of glycogen were observed. Under these conditions, the average perimeter (by 74%) and area (by three times) of hepatocytes, the average area of nucleus (by 3.1 times), the average perimeter (by 50%) and area (by 66%) of the nucleolus were increased compared to the control values. The structural changes were consistent with an increase of the transaminase activity. Thus, fructose loading and the development of IR acts as a trigger for cytolysis of hepatocytes, which increases under conditions of iodine deficiency, especially prenatal.

Keywords: hepatobiliary system; aminotransferases; insulin resistance; pre- and postnatal iodine deficiency


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