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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2023; 69(2): 11-18


Yu.D. Frenkel’1, V.S. Cherno1, V.O. Kostenko2

  1. Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolayiv, Ukraine
  2. Poltava State Medical University, Ukraine


This article describes the effect of NF-κB inhibitor ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate and Nrf2 inducer dimethylfumarate on indicators of oxidative-nitrosative stress in skeletal muscles of rats with chronic hypomelatoninemia, induced by roundthe-clock illumination with an intensity of 1500 lux for 30 days, against the background of a carbohydrate-lipid diet (20% fructose solution and appropriate food) for 60 days. The study demonstrated that the administration of ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate and dimethylfumarate under the experimental conditions impedes the development of hypomelatoninemia, this was accompanied by a two-fold increase in the blood serum melatonin concentration compared to the control group. Moreover, the administration of ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate and dimethylfumarate significantly reduces the production of superoxide anion radical by electron transport chains of mitochondria (by 47.9 and 51.3%) and sarcoplasmic reticulum (by 48.6 and 52.0%) in the homogenate of femoral muscles, the total activity of NO synthase (by 37.2 and 36.2%) and its inducible isoform (by 41.1 and 40.0%), the concentration of peroxynitrites of alkaline and alkaline earth metals (by 37.2 and 41.0 %), while the activity of constitutive NO-synthases (by 2.9 and 2.8 times) and their conjugation index (by 5.2 and 5.4 times) increases compared to the respective control values. We suggest that modulators of redox-sensitive transcription factors NF-κB and Nrf2 under conditions of chronic hypomelatoninemia and the exposure to the carbohydrate-lipid diet are effective means to restrain the development of oxidative-nitrosative stress in skeletal muscles.

Keywords: hypomelatoninemia; round-the-clock lighting; carbohydrate-lipid diet; melatonin; oxidative–nitrosative stress; transcription factors NF-κB and Nrf2; skeletal muscles.


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