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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2022; 68(4): 77-88


NEUTROPHIL EXTRACELLULAR TRAPS IN ACUTE PANCREATITIS

S. Chooklin1, S. Chuklin2, R. Barylyak1

  1. Lviv Regional Clinical Hospital, Ukraine
  2. St. Paraskeva Medical Center, Lviv, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz68.04.077

Abstract

The review focuses on the role of neutrophilic extracellular traps (NETs) in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. It is shown that NETs can activate trypsin, cause inflammation and pancreatic tissue damage, and clog the excretory ducts. NETs are involved in the formation of gallstones, which are one of the leading etiological factors of acute pancreatitis. NETs also surround necrotic tissue in patients with severe acute pancreatitis and contribute to further systemic inflammatory response syndrome. The mechanisms of NETs formation in acute pancreatitis, in particular, the importance of damageassociated molecular patterns, neutrophil microparticles, and platelets in these processes are considered.

Keywords: acute pancreatitis; neutrophils; neutrophil extracellular traps; platelets.

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