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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2022; 68(4): 11-19


D.M. Nozdrenko1, O.O. Gonchar2, K.I. Bogutska1, M.M. Okhramovych1, I.V. Pampuha1, N.E. Nurishchenko1, Yu.I. Prylutskyy1

  1. Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
  2. O.O. Bogomoletz Institute of Physioligy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine


A comparison of biomechanical and biochemical markers of muscle soleus and muscle gastrocnemius fatigue in rats for two days after 5 days of using antioxidant C60 fullerene (daily dose was 1 mg·kg-1) was performed. It was shown that its long-term use to increase muscle strength response against the background of muscle fatigue by 60-65 and 35-40% in slow and fast muscle, respectively. The residual effect of water-soluble C60 fullerene on slow muscle remains significant (20-25%) even after 2 days after discontinuation of the drug. At the same time, its residual effect on fast muscle on the 2nd day remains at a minimum level, which does not significantly increase muscle performance. Prolonged usage of water-soluble C60 fullerene helps to reduce oxidative processes by 30-40% in fast and by 21-25% in slow muscles by maintaining a balance between prooxidants and antioxidant defense system. A comparative analysis of oxidative stress markers and indicators of the state of antioxidant defense systems in fast and slow muscles showed that the residual therapeutic effect of water-soluble C60 fullerene after long-term use is 30-40% higher in muscle soleus than in muscle gastrocnemius. The obtained results demonstrate the long-term kinetics of water-soluble C60 fullerene excretion from the body, which contributes to long-term (at least two days) compensatory activation of the endogenous antioxidant system in response to muscle stimulation, which should be considered when developing new therapeutic drugs based on it.

Keywords: muscle soleus; muscle gastrocnemius; muscle fatigue; C60 fullerene; biomechanical parameters of muscle contraction; biochemical indicators of muscle tissue.


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