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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2021; 67(5): 30-38


THE CARBON MONOXIDE DONOR, TOPIRAMATE, AND BLOCKERS OF AQUAPORINE RECEPTORS DECREASE MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA-REPERFUSION INJIRY

S.P. Beschasnyi, O.M. Hasiuk

    Kherson State University, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz67.05.030

Abstract

We investigated the metabolism of mouse isolated heart under the influence of tricarbonyldichlorothenium (II)- dimer (CORM-2 and 2,3-4,5-bis-O-isopropylidene-βD-fructopyranose sulfamate (topiramate) as potential blockers of aquaporine channel (AQP3) of cardiac myocytes. The results were compared with those obtained from the group receiving anti-AQP3 monoclonal antibodies. A decrease in coronary flow was found during the period preceding ischemia (topiramate did not cause this effect). However, at the end of reperfusion, CORM-2 was responsible for its stabilization. This compound did not affect glucose intake (topiramate increased it only at the end of reperfusion), decreased Ca2+ deposition in cardiac muscle (AQP3-IgG antibodies and topiramate had similar effect), decreased creatinine release, AST (especially at the end of reperfusion). The action of CORM-2 increased the amplitude of the R waveform before ischemia and during reperfusion. At the end of reperfusion the R-wave amplitude decreased. The effect of topiramate caused an increase in amplitude only at the beginning of reperfusion. Administration of CORM-2, topiramate and antibodies resulted in prolongation of the interval before and during ischemia. At the same time, the effect of these drugs and antibodies reduced the development of ischemic damage. The results indicate that the released CO from CORM-2 has effects similar to those of anti-AQP3 antibodies. The action of topiramate had signs of calcium channel blocking.

Keywords: aquaporins; AQP3; gas-transmitter; carbon monoxide donor; CORM-2; isolated heart; topiramat

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