Українська English

ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2021; 67(4): 21-28


O.M. Bakunovsky1,2,3, K.V. Rozova1, V.A. Pastukhova3, V.I. Portnichenko1,2, A.G. Portnichenko1,2,

  1. Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  2. International Center for Astronomical and Medical and Ecological Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  3. National University of Physical Education and Sport of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine


It was examined 19 male fencers aged 18 to 24 years , who had sports experience from 8 to 14 years and high sports qualifications in the chosen sport (masters of sports and candidates for masters of sports). Subjects had no significant differences in height and body weight. Linear horizontal accelerations were created using a movable platform with a chair, which housed the athlete. Passive movement of fencers on the platform corresponded to their usual parameters of movement on the fencing track during a sports match. It has been shown that the short-term effect of horizontal moderate accelerations of the variable direction when using the functional test (FT) led to small but statistically significant changes in heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV) and volumetric blood ejection rate (VER). In all subjects, the changes in these indicators after FT were as follows: heart rate decreased slightly, and SV and VER increased. FT revealed that in persons who are accustomed to moving with moderate horizontal linear accelerations of variable direction, the shortterm effect of this factor was accompanied by a tendency to decrease the minute volume of blood flow (MVB) due to decreased of heart rate. Increasing of SV and VER can be considered as an immediate compensatory response aimed at maintaining MVB. Thus, in athletes whose long-term sports activities are associated with the action on the body of periodic moderate horizontal linear accelerations of variable direction, no adaptation to the action of this specified factor is formed.

Keywords: moderate variable direction acceleration; function test; heart rate; stroke volume; volumetric rate of blood ejection.


  1. Platonov VN. The system of training athletes in Olympic sports. General theory and its practical applications. Kiev: Olympic literature; 2004. [Russian].
  2. Jimenez HR. Formation of long-term adaptation in the process of long-term training of athletes. 2015. [Electronic resource] Access mode: http://repository.
  3. Shevchuk TYa, Romanyuk AP. Features of vegetative regulation of the heart in athletes of game sports and track and field athletes. Bull Karazin Kharkiv Natl. Univ. 2016;26 (Ser. Biol):187-93. [Russian].
  4. Komisova TE, Mamotenko AV. Anatomy and evolution of human nervous system. Kharkiv: KhNPU named after G.S. Frying pan. 2014. [Russian].
  5. Bunce D, Anstey KJ, Cherbuin N. Cognitive deficits are associated with frontal and temporal lobe white matter lesions in middle-aged adults living in the community. PLOS ONE. 2010;5 (10):1-8. CrossRef PubMed PubMedCentral
  6. Eckberg DI. Bursting into space: alteration of sympathetic control by travel. Acta Physiol Scand. 2003;177 (2): 299-311. CrossRef PubMed
  7. Bakunovsky OM, Andriyuk NL, Filippov MM, Portnichenko VI, Pastukhova VA, Portnichenko AG. Influence of moderate linear accelerations on the hemodynamics of fencers. Fiziol Zh. 2019;65 (3S):154. [Ukranian].
  8. Andreyuk H. The method of creation of vestibular load and its influence on the cardiovascular system of fencers. Sci Bull Lesya Ukrainka East Eur Natl Univ. 2018;(4):133-9. [Ukranian]. CrossRef
  9. Rules of the Game; The Complete Illustrated Encyclopedia of All The Sports of The World. New York, N.Y: St. Martin's Press, 1994.
  10. Pushkar YuT, Bolshev VM, Elizarova NA. Determination of cardiac output by the method of tetrapolar thoracic reography and its metrological capabilities. Cardiology. 1977;(7); 85-90.
  11. ReoCom. Instructions for operation. Kharkiv: W.p., 2008. [Russian].
  12. Lukyanova EM, Antipkin YuG, Chernyshov VP, Vykhovanets EV. Methods of statistical processing of medical information in scientific research. Kiev: Planeta lyudey, 2002. [Russian].
  13. Tarabkina MYu, Grabovskaya EYu. Myovisceral reactions to vestibular loads in combat athletes. Moscow: RUSAYNS, 2018. [Russian].
  14. Brodal A, Valberg F, Pompeano O. Vestibular nuclei. Moscow: Science, 1966. [Russian].
  15. Herring N, Danson EJ, Paterson DJ. Cholinergic control of heart rate by nitric oxide in site specific. News Physiol Sci. 2002;17(2): 202. CrossRef PubMed
  16. Guyton AS. Determinatios of cardiac output by equating venous return curves with cardiac response curves. Physiol Rev. 1955;35 (1): 123. CrossRef PubMed
  17. Brin VB, Zonis BYa. Physiology of systemic circulation: Formulas and calculations. Rostov-on-Don: Publ House of the Rostov State Univ, 1984. [Russian].
  18. Ronkin MA, Ivanov LB. Rheography in clinical practice. Moscow: NMF. MBN, 1997. [Russian].
  19. Krishchuk AA, Vinichuk SM. The state of cerebral circulation and vascular tone in hypertension. Doctor. Case. 1979;(8):38-41. [Russian].
  20. Conradi GP. Regulation of vascular tone. Leningrad: Science. 1973. [Russian].
  21. Kompotis K, Hubbard J, Emmenegger Y, Perrault A, Muhlethaler M, Schwartz S, Bayer L, Franken P. Rocking promotes sleep in mice through rhytmic stimulation of the vestibular system. Current Biol. 2019;29 (1):1-10. CrossRef PubMed
  22. Ozturk-Colak A, Inami S, Buchler JR, McClanahan PC, Cruz A, Fang-Yen C, Koh K. Sleep induction by mechanosensory stimulation in drosophila. Cell Reports. 2020;33(1): 1-17. CrossRef PubMed PubMedCentral
  23. McCall A, Miller D, Yates B. Descending influences on vestibulospinal and vestibulosympathetic reflexes. Front Neurol. 2017;(8):112. CrossRef PubMed PubMedCentral
  24. Perrault A, Khani A, Quairiaux Ch, Kompotis K, Franken P, Muhlethaler M, et al. Whole-night continuous rocking entrains spontaneous neural oscillations with benefits for sleep and memory. Current Biol. 2019;29 (4):402-11. CrossRef PubMed

© National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, 2014-2024.