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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2020; 66(6): 74-81


BKCA CHANNELS MEDIATE THE EFFECTS OF DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID ON THE RESPIRATION PARAMETERS OF MYOCARDIAL MITOCHONDRIA AT HIGH CALCIUM CONCENTRATIONS

O.S. Panasiuk, А.I. Bondarenko

    O.O. Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, NAS Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz66.06.074

Abstract

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) provide protection against myocardial damage in ischemia-reperfusion. However, the mechanisms that provide cardioprotection are not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a member of omega -3 PUFA, on mitochondrial respiration parameters and the role of mitochondrial calcium-dependent potassium channels of large conductance (ВКСа) in the implementation of these effects. Using the patch-clamp method, it was shown that functional ВКСа channels are expressed in the inner mitochondrial membrane of cardiac cells and their activity increases with the addition of DHA. We investigated the role of mitochondrial ВКСа channels in the regulation of mitochondrial respiratory processes. In experiments with isolated mitochondria from rat hearts, we showed that DHA prevented an increase in the respiratory rate of mitochondria in the V4 state and a decrease in the respiratory control elicited by addition of 10 μM Ca2+. Qualitatively the same effect was caused by NS1619, the ВКСа opener. In the presence of 10 μM Ca2+, the ВКСа channel inhibitor paxilin (1 μM) prevented the protective effect of DHA and NS1619 on the parameters of respiratory control. We conclude that mitochondrial ВКСа channels are involved in the implementation of the effects of DHA on mitochondrial respiration.

Keywords: mitochondria; polyunsaturated fatty acids; potassium channels.

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