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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2018; 64(3): 18-29


Effects of herbal multicomponent dietary supplement in experimental pneumonia

Z. Serebrovska1, R. Swanson2, V. Portnichenko1, A. Shysh1, L. Tumanovska1, A. Dorovskych3, V.Dosenko1

  1. Bogomoletz institute of Physiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  2. Liberty University College of Osteopathic Medicine, Lynchburg, USA
  3. Integrative Medicine Clinic “SmartMed”, Kyiv, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz64.03.018

Abstract

We investigated the multi-component herbal dietary supplement, which contains extracts of 19 medicinal plants traditionally used as anti-inflammatory remedies. Here we have investigated the effects of this supplement on lung tissue morphology, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in blood, lung tissue and liver tissue homogenates, pro-inflammatory cytokine expression: tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL6), and respiratory parameters: expired volume of ventilation per minute (V˙ E), rate of oxygen uptake and amount of carbon dioxide eliminated per minute (V˙o2, V˙co2) during experimentally induced pneumonia (i/p lipopolysaccharides (LPS) injection, 2 mg/kg) in rats. Endotoxemia was associated with: (1) pathological changes in lung morphology; (2) increased ROS generation; and (3) a gradual decrease of V˙O2 and V˙e. Application of multi-component herbal dietary supplement for rats with pneumonia created positive changes in diminishing lung tissue injury, decreasing ROS generation in blood, lung and liver tissue and decreasing pro-inflammatory cytokine expression of TNF-α and Il-6. Oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide elimination in this group was increased compared to the LPS pneumonia group. Results of multi-component herbal dietary supplement treatment of intact animals was mixed: 1) positive - significant increasing of V˙o2 and V˙e; 2) negative - significant augmentation of ROS production in lung tissue. Multi-component herbal dietary supplement manifested promising therapeutic effects in the course of experimental pneumonia. Further research is needed to clarify the mechanisms of its action and the possible applications in clinical medicine.

Keywords: anti-inflammatory; antioxidant; V˙O2; TNF-α; LPS

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