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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2017; 63(3): 90-102


Molecular mechanisms of hepatopulmonary syndrome

I.Ya. Krynytska, M.I. Marushchak, I. M. Klishch, I.V. Birchenko

    I. Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz63.03.090

Abstract

Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a severe complication seen in advance liver disease. Its prevalence among cirrhotic patients varies from 4 to 47 percent. HPS exact pathogenesis remains unknown. In this review we summarized existing knowledge on the possible mechanisms and causes of the HPS. Pulmonary microvascular dilation and angiogenesis are two central pathogenic features that drive abnormal pulmonary gas exchange in experimental HPS, and thus might underlie HPS in humans. Despite these insights into the pathogenesis of experimental HPS, there is no established medical therapy, and liver transplantation remains the main treatment.

Keywords: hepatopulmonary syndrome; molecular mechanisms.

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