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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 1999; 45(5): 68-75

Compensatory changes in the acid-base balance under the influence of excess ammonium chloride, hypodynamia and stress

Pakhomova VO, Biloklits'ka HF, Pakhomova OO, Rozanov VA, Protunkevych OO, Hruzova IL, Mel'nychuk DO.

    Medical Academy After Diploma Formation, Ministry of Public Health of Ukraine, Kiev


Two variants of alternative integrative compensatory mechanisms of metabolic reactions in organism developing at the compensated shifts of acid-base balance under the influence of different risk factors have been discovered by the authors. Compensated metabolic acidosis appears with the excess of salt ammonia in the animals ration, at the immobilization stress, hypodynamia, deafferentation and surgical stress. The start reaction of acidosis is lipolysis activation and nonacidified products accumulation at the reactions of tricarboxylic acid cycle are (TAC) inhibited. The compensatory mechanism directed to bind hydrogen ions and prevent pH shifts is activity of glyconeogenesis reactions, transamination, increase the contents ammonia, as well as by increases of restored combinations. Carbohydrates excess in the ration, emotional stress (anxiety expectation) lead to the metabolic alkalosis development at which low hydrogen ion formation and their rapid use in the activated process of peroxide lipids oxidation is compensated with the increase of organic acids formation in glycolysis and TAC as well as by the increase of oxidation properties in tissues. Besides adaptive physiological meaning, the described mechanisms may be the reason for a number of pathological state appearance. The discovery in population and prevention of endogenic risk factors prevention is principle new basis of modern integrated system of human and animals common diseases prevention.


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