Українська English

ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2016; 62(2): 110-116


A.A. Chernozub

    Chernomorsk State University named after P.Mogila, Nikolayev.


The paper studied the problem of finding the optimal methodology for determining the safety and critical load conditions for the body trained and untrained people in the process of training the force pool. It was found that for trained individuals who have a sufficient level of adaptation to the power load, the use of “standard” modes of operation in the course of employment by fitness power safely. However, the problematic issue is that to the untrained troops, it is almost impossible to determine the safe load parameters using conventional techniques, which are mainly used in cyclic sports. Thus, the solution to this problem lies in the fact that using the integral method for estimating the value of power loads and a computer program for determining the relative weight of the index weights, safety and critical load parameters were calculated for untrained persons. At the same time, studied the biochemical parameters of blood (testosterone, cortisol, and lactate dehydrogenase activity) fixed after exercise, compared with the state of rest, confirmed our calculations clearly enough.

Keywords: safety and critical loads; integral method for determining the size of the load; the concentration of cortisol and testosterone in human serum lactate dehydrogenase activity; trained and untrained persons.


  1. Cochran A. J. Intermittent and continuous high-intensity exercise training induce similar acute but different chronic muscle adaptations. Exp Physiol. 2014; 99 (5): 782-91. CrossRef PubMed
  3. Cantrell G. S. Maximal strength, power, and aerobic endurance adaptations to concurrent strength and sprint interval training. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2014; 114 (4): 763-71. CrossRef PubMed
  5. Emini N. N. Motivational and psychological correlates of bodybulding dependence. J Behav Addictions. 2014; 3 (3): P. 182-8. CrossRef PubMed PubMedCentral
  7. Wahl P. Mathes S, Köhler S, Mester J. Acute metabolic, hormonal, and psychological responses to different endurance training protocols. Horm Metab Res. 2013; 45 (11): 827-33. CrossRef PubMed
  9. Goto K, Ishii N, Kizuka R, Kraemer R. Hormonal and metabolic responses to slow movement resistance exercise with different durations of concentric and eccentric actions. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2009; 106 (5): P. 731-9. CrossRef PubMed
  11. Chernozub A. Peculiarities of cortisol level changes in the blood of athletes and untrained boys in response to heavy power training loads. Eur Int J Sci and Technol. 2013; 2 (9): 52-7.
  13. Chernozub A. Dinamics of the condition of autonomic heart rhythm regulation in athletic trainings. Eur Int J Sci and Technol. 2013; 2(6): 17-22.
  15. Chernozub A.A. Method of determining the index of training load in athleticism. Pat. UA 76705 U, МРК А61В 5/22 (2006.01), № u201208376.
  16. Certificate of registration of copyright number 48519 of 29/03/2013. The computer program «Computer program for determination of the relative weight of the burden in athletics.» Authors: Bulgakovа А.S., Chernozub A.A
  17. Tijssen P. Practice and theory of enzyme immunoassays. Laboratory Techniques in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 1985; 15: 674.
  19. Seynnes OR, Kamandulis S, Kairaitis R. Effect of androgenic-anabolic steroids and heavy strength training on patellar tendon morphological and mechanical properties. J Appl Physiol. 2013; 115 (1): 84-9. CrossRef PubMed
  21. Kraemer RR, Hollander DB, Reeves GV, Ramadan ZG. Similar hormonal responses to concentric and eccentric muscle actions using relative loading. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2006; 96 (5): 551-7. CrossRef PubMed

© National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, 2014-2023.