Українська Русский English

ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2016; 62(1): 68-73


Systemic effects of unspecific inflammatory reaction at traumatic brain injury

S.V. Ziablitsev, S.V. Pishchulina, S.V. Kolesnikova, R.N. Boris

    Ukrainian Science-Practical Centre of Endocrine Surgery, Transplantation of Endocrine Organs and Tissues Ministry of Healthcare of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz62.01.068

Abstract

To determine the role of systemic effects of inflammation at traumatic brain disease caused by severe traumatic brain injury. The study is performed on 65 white outbred male rats. TBI is applied with one blow on animal’s cranial vaults with blow energy of 0.52 J. The rate of mortality within the first 5 days after the injury is 87%. Experimental animals have got severe closed TBI. Blood contents of circulating immune complexes, C-reactive protein, ceruloplasmin, proinflammatory - interleukins(IL-1b, IL-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor a -TNF-a) are investigated. The circulating immune complexes levels are increased 3.1 times in 24 hours and 4.4 times on the 5th days of trauma reflecting the progressive accumulation of metabolites and toxins in brain tissue and in the blood of injured animals. Blood levels of C-reactive protein are markedly increased in all periods of observation exceeding the control levels 3.5 times in 3 hours and 21.3 times after 5th day of trauma. Thus the study results suggest that the acute phase of systemic inflammation sets at the end of the 1st day after the trauma and it progresses in the course of traumatic brain disease. Blood contents of IL-1b increases continuously: 4.7 times in 3 hours; 7.6 times in 24 hours; and 17.4 times on the 5th day after trauma. The other interleukins levels are also increased but to a lesser extent. The coherence of changes in levels of circulating immune complexes, acute-phase proteins and interleukins indicates a pathogenic pattern of the acute period of traumatic disease at traumatic brain injury: spreading of damage processes with the involvement of body organs and tissues and the establishment of a systemic inflammatory reaction stage from the second day of posttraumatic period.

Keywords: traumatic brain injury; acute phase proteins; proinflammatory interleukins

References

  1. Vologzhanin DA. The metabolic bases of secondaryimmune deficiency at traumatic disease [dissertation].St. Petersburg [Russia]: Kirov War-Med. Academy;2005. [Russian].
  2. Jelskyy VN, Ziablitsev SV, Pishchulina SV, et al. The roleof neuroimmunoendocrine mechanisms in the formationof endogenous intoxication in traumatic disease. TaurideMed and Biol Bull. 2012;15(3):115-7. [Russian].
  3. Clausen F, Hảnell A, Bjtsrk M, et al. Neutralization ofinterleukin-1beta modifies the inflammatory responseand improves histological and cognitive outcome followingtraumatic brain injury in mice. Eur J Neurosci.2009;30(3):385-96. CrossRef PubMed
  4. Abu Saleh Ammar Ibrahim. The role of cytokines in thepathogenesis of the acute period of traumatic brain injury[dissertation]. Moscow : Tver State Med. Academy;2007. [Russian].
  5. Sadova VA. The processes of lipid peroxidation andcytokine response in acute traumatic brain injury in theright- and left-hemispheric brain damage [dissertation].Chelyabinsk (Russia): Ural State Univ.; 2008. [Russian].
  6. Sokolova TF. The interaction of the immune, nervous andendocrine systems in traumatic disease [dissertation].Omsk : Omsk State Med. Academy; 2004. [Russian].
  7. Kuchin DG. Pathophysiological role (predictive value) ofmetalloproteins (ferritin and ceruloplasmin) in the acuteperiod of traumatic brain and cranial-facial injuries [dissertation].Chelyabinsk (Russia): Ural State Univ.; 2005.
  8. Patyukov KA. Optimization of the pathogenetic evaluation of endotoxemia in patients with traumatic brain disease[dissertation]. Omsk : Omsk State Med. Academy; 2008.[Russian].
  9. Ziablіtsev SV. The pathogenesis of the neuroregulatorysystems disorders at the acute period of traumatic braindisease caused by traumatic brain injury[dissertation].Donetsk : Gorky National Med. Univ.; 2005. [Ukrainian].
  10. Gordon JW, Shaw JA, Kirshenbaum LA. Multiple facetsof NF-kB in the heart: to be or not to NF-kB. Circ Res.2011;108(9):1122-32. CrossRef PubMed

© National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, 2014-2019.