FEATURES OF EATING BEHAVIOR IN PERSONS WITH NORMAL AND INCREASED BODY WEIGHT
Yu. Shevchenko, L. Vesnina, I. Kaydashev
Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy, Poltava
Using the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ)
and Three-factor Eating Questionnaire–R18 (TFEQ-R18),
we defined the peculiarities of eating behavior and their impact
on quality of life in young people aged 18-25 years. All
participants were divided into two groups according to body
mass index (BMI). The control group included 41 persons with
normal body weight (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2
). The group of
young adults with increased body weight (BMI over 25 kg/m2
consisted of 27 persons. We found eating behavior disorders
in 85,19 % of overweight people and in 41,46 % of persons
with normal weight. The restrictive eating behaviors as well
as a significant percentage of violations by external type had
predominated in overweight individuals by the structure of
disorders. The external and restrictive types of eating behavior
disorders were predominated in persons with normal weight.
Investigation of quality of life using the SF-36 questionnaire
showed a significantly decline in the physical role functioning
and pain. Index of general physical health component, being
not high enough in both groups, was significantly lower
in overweight people with 52.70 points against 56.11. We
concluded that the eating behavior disorders in persons with
normal weight and in overweight people required an individual
approach to forming healthy lifestyle and fixing broken food
stereotype. It will counteract the further increase of body
weight and contribute to improving the quality of life.
eating behavior, eating behavior disorders, quality of life, body mass index, increased body weight.
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