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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2015; 61(2): 73-79


Loay Kh.M. Hassouneh

  1. Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Isra University, P.O. Box 22, Amman, 11622, Jordan;
  2. Department of Physiology of Ontogenesis, Institute of Biology, Kharkov Karazin National University, 4 Svobody pl., 61022,Kharkov, Ukraine


Thyroid hormones (TG) are known modulators of signal transduction. Phospholipase D (PLD) is one of the targets of TG in the stimulated cells. Response of cells to the shortterm TG action significantly reduces at old age. Taking into account that diacylglycerol (DAG) accumulation induces the resistance of cells to some of regulatory factors in the target cells the aim of the present study was to determine if DAG content increase in hepatocytes impairs the L-thyroxine (L-T4) short-term action. The experiments were performed in either the [14С]palmitic acid- labeled hepatocytes or [ 14 С]oleic acidpre-labeled liver cells of 3- and 24-month-old rats. To study the short-term L-T4 action on cells the PLD activation was determined. The DAG production and content in hepatocytes significantly increased at old age and in the young cells pretreated with palmitic acid. The reduction of DAG level in cells by means of DAG-kinase activator, alfa-tocoferol acetate, or long-term L-T4 treatment improved the short-term hormone action. The above data have indicated that DAG play important role in the L-T4 PLD regulation. The cross-talk between classic and non-genomic pathways of TG regulation of lipid metabolism has been determined.

Keywords: aging, hepatocytes, palmitic acid, diacylglycerol, thyroxine, phospholipase D.


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