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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2014; 60(3): 89-97

The activity of muscles of the shoulder girdle and shoulder during the constant isometric efforts of the wrist

Vereshchaka IV1, Lehedza OV1, Dornovs'kyĭ M2, Horkovenko AV1, Khorievin VI1

  1. A.A.Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine
  2. Academy of Physical Education and Sports, Gdansk, Poland


Electromyogramms (EMG) of eight muscles of the arm were analyzed in 11 healthy men aged 25-40 years during equal magnitude isometric efforts created by wrist. Subjects had to track cursor that moved around on the screen at a constant speed (16?/s) in a horizontal plane. Thus, the subject slowly changed the direction of generation of efforts, while its amplitude remained constant. It was established that during creation of the static efforts equal in all directions, the extensors activity was mainly in the areas of extension of shoulder and elbow joints, whereas the flexor activity was observed in all directions with maximum, which corresponded to the arm bending. It is assumed that muscular activity is organized on the principle of the synergies that are clearly related to the task and beyond it can not exist.

Keywords: two joint isometric effort, central motor commands,force vector.


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© National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, 2014-2024.