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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2014; 60(1): 3-10


Characteristics of quantal release of glutamate and GABA in synapses between retinal ganglion cells and superior colliculus neurons in coculture

Dumans'ka HV, Rykhal's'kyĭ OV, Veselovs'kyĭ MS.

    O.O. Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz60.01.003

Abstract

We investigated features of quantal release of glutamate and GABA in synapses between retinal ganglion cells (RGC) and superior colliculus (SC) neurons in coculture using dual patch-clamp technique. The main quantal characteristics of neurotransmitters release were de%ned on the basic of quantal analysis. Number of released quanta distributions for both neurotransmitters were corresponded to the binomial law. It was shown that evoked postsynaptic currents (PSC) in SC neurons as response to generation of action potential (AP) in RGC were mediated by simultaneous release at least from 2 to 14 quanta of glutamate and 2 quanta of GABA. Thereby high ef%cacy of excitatory and inhibitory signals transmission is guaranteed in retinocollicular projections. It is supposed that multiquantal character of the neurotransmitters release can be related to simultaneous involvement of several closely adjacent excited terminals, each of which possesses one active zone, or by one terminal with several.

Keywords: ganglion cells of the retina, neurons superior colliculus, synaptic transmission, simple binoculars, quantum distribution, quantum analysis.

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