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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2013; 59(6): 72-80


Influence of immunocorrection on the inflammatory process in the urogenital tract in men with infertility

Tsiporenko SIu

    Lugansk State Medical University, Lugansk, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz59.06.072

Abstract

We studied the concentration of metalloproteinases, pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines, lymphocyte activation markers in seminal plasma of men with oligosymptomatic forms of chronic inflammation of the urogenital tract complicated with infertility. It was shown that chronic inflammation of the urogenital tract shifts the levels of cytokine profile, reduces the concentration of metalloproteinase-2 (576.4 +/- 89.3 ng/ml, P < 0.001), chemokines - fractalkine (16.3 +/- 1.3 pg/ml, P < 0.001) and chemmmokine regulated by activation, expression and secretion of normal T-cells (RANTES (12.7 +/- 1.0 pg/ ml, P < 0.001). Additionally, we observed a sharp increase in IL-8 (215.5 +/- 7.8 pg/ml, P < 0.01), MCP-1 (926.4 +/- 30.2 pg/ml, P < 0.001) and elevation of the CD25 + / CD95 + ratio. These observations point for alterations in apoptotic mechanisms in pathological forms of the generative cells and their accumulation in the sperm. Prolonged inflammation of the genital area is accompanied by depletion of the local immune system resulting in the development of infertility. The multidirectional shifts in IL-10/IL-12 index have been established: an increase in the group of patients with elevated level of hypercapitated spermatozoa and its reduction in microsomatic morphotype of spermatozoa. These data emphasize the importance of the microenvironment in maturation of gametes. It was shown that an inclusion of alfagin and gepatomax in immunorehabilitation of men with oligosymptomatic forms of urogenital infections improves leukocyte subpopulation content of sperm and concentrations of pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and therefore, results in an increase in fertilizing potential.

Keywords: male infertility, sperm, seminal plasma, metalloproteinases, cytokine profile, immunorehabilitation, alfagin, hepatomax.

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