Українська Русский English

ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2013; 59(3): 89-96


Perception, processing of visual information and resistance to emotional stresses in athletes of different ages

Korobeĭnikova LH, Makarchuk MIu

    Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University, Ukraine


Abstract

Among the numerous studies devoted to the study of perception and information processing, no data available on the effects of age on these processes. In this paper we studied the influence of psycho-emotional stress and different levels of stress on the mental processes of perception and information processing in highly skilled athletes divided into two groups. The first group included the athletes aged 19-24 years (12 athletes, members of the Ukrainian team in Greco-Roman wrestling), the second group included the athletes aged 27-31 years (7 highly skilled athletes, members of the Ukrainian team in Greco-Roman wrestling). We revealed that the athletes of the first group had higher productivity and better visual perception and visual information processing efficiency, compared with athletes from the second group. This observation suggests a dependency of cognitive component of perception and information processing on the age of the athletes. Sportsmen from the second group had higher stress resistance compared to the older age group.

Keywords: stress, psycho-emotional stress, especiallyperception, information processing, age-specific features.

References

    Baevskii R.M. Klassifikatsiya urovnei zdorov'ya s tochki zreniya teorii adaptatsii . Vestn. RAMN SSS R. 1989. N 8. P. 73-78. Zil'berman P.B. Emotsional'naya ustoichivost' operatora . Ocherki psihologii truda operatora. Pod red. E.A. Mileryana. M.: Nauka, 1974. P.138-172. Il'in E.P. Psihofiziologiya sostoyanii cheloveka. Spb.: Piter, 2005. 412 p. Korobeinikov G.V. Fiziologicheskie mehanizmi funktsional'nih rezervov organizma cheloveka pri napryazhennoi mishechnoi deyatel'nosti . Fiziologiya cheloveka. 1995. 21, N 3. P. 81-86. Korobeinikov G.V. Psihofiziologicheskie mehanizmi umstvennoi deyatel'nosti cheloveka. K.: Ukr. fitosots. tsentr, 2002. 123 p. Makarenko N.V., Lizogub V.S. Komp’yuterna sistema «Diagnost-1» dlya viznachennya neirodnamichnih vlastivostei vishchoi nervovoi diyal'nosti V kn.: Osoblivosti formuvannya ta stanovlennya psihofiziologichnih funktsii v ontogenezi. Materiali V naukovogo simpoziumu (23-25 travnya 2012). Cherkasi, 2012. P.60. Makarenko N.V., Puhov V.A., Kol'chenko N.V. Osnovi professional'nogo psihofiziologicheskogo otbora. K.: Nauk. dumka, 1987. 244 p. Mishchenko V.S., Lisenko E.N., Vinogradov V.E. Reaktivnie svoistva kardioraspiratornoi sistemi kak otrazhenie adaptatsii k napryazhennoi mishechnoi deyatel'nosti. K.: Nauk. svit, 2007. 351 p. Pavlik A.I. Effektivnost' sorevnovatel'noi deyatel'nosti velosipedistov visokoi kvalifikatsii v zavisimosti ot urovnya funktsional'noi podgotovlennosti . Nauka v olimp. sporte. 2002. N 3?4. P. 127-134. Platonov V.N. Obshchaya teoriya podgotovki sportsmenov v olimpiiskom sporte. K.: Olimp. lit-ra, 1997. 583 p. Rebrova O.Yu. Opisanie protseduri i rezul'tatov statisticheskogo analiza meditsinskih dannih v nauchnih. Mezhdunar. zhurn. med. praktiki. 2000.N 4. P.43-46. Korobeynikov G., Mazmanian K., Jagello W. Psychophysiologicalstates and motivation in elite judokas . Archivesof Budo J. 2010. 6. P. 129-136. Brisswalter J., Collardeau M., Arcelin R. Effects of acute physical exercise on cognitive performance . Sports Medicine. 2002. N 32. P. 555-566. Sollardeau M., Brisswalter J., Vercruyssen F. Single L.G. Korobeinikova, M.Yu. Makarchuk 96 ISSN 0201-8489 Fiziol. zhurn., 2013, T. 59, N 3 and choice reaction time during prolonged exercisein trained subjects: influence of carbohydrateavailability . Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2001. N 86. R. 150-156. Dornic S., Dornic V. A high-load information-processingtask for stress research . Percept. & Mot. Skills. 1987.65, N .3. P.712-714. Drummond M.J., Vehrs P.R. Aerobic and resistance sequence affects excess postexercise oxygen consumption . J. Strength. and Condit. Res. 2005. N 19, 2. P. 332-377. Van der Molen M.W. Energetics and the reaction process: threads through experimental psychology. In: Handbook of perception and action. Eds.O. Neumann & A.F. Sanders. 1996. 3. P. 229-276. Shannon C.E. A mathematical theory of communication . Bell.System.Tech.J. 1948. N 27. P. 379.

© National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, 2014-2019.