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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2013; 59(3): 3-9

Influence of flocalin on development of apoptosis and necrosis at anoxia-reoxygenation of culture rats neonatal cardiomyocytes

Strutyns'kyĭ RB, Nagibin VS, Strutyns'ka NA, Ianchiĭ OR, Moĭbenko OO

    Bogomoletz Institute of physiology NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine


The influence of the new cardioprotector flocalin was investigated on the culture of rat's neonatal cardiomyocytes during anoxia-reoxygenation modelling. The mechanisms of apoptosis and necrosis were investigated under influence of ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels activation and in conditions of blocking of the L-type calcium (VGCCs) channels. Flocalin was added in the culture medium in the dose 5 and 20 microM at 2 minutes before anoxia (30 minutes) and following reoxygenation (60 minutes). These doses are near to: the first dose means the opening of K(ATP) channels and the second one means the IC50 block of VGCCs. It is discovered that in dose 5 microM of flocalin drew the change of correlation of living, necrotizing and apoptizing cells drew side-shifting living. The number of live cells was almost the same like in control (experiments without anoxia-reoxygenation modelling). The opening of K(ATP) channels decreases necrosis in two times and fully prevented development of apoptosis which was induced anoxia-reoxygenation modelling. Flocalin depressed the apoptosis of neonatal cardiomyocytes so that he was on to 36% less than in control group (without anoxia-reoxygenation). But in the high dose (20 microM) that provokes not only K(ATP) channels opening but also IC50 block of VGCCs cardioprotection was not detected after modelling of anoxia-reoxygenation. The last can be investigation both enough strong activating of the potassium channels and by investigation of both factors are opening of potassium and inhibition of VGCCs channels and, accordingly, substantial diminishing of level of introcellular Ca2+ and violation of metabolic processes yet to anoxia-reoxygenation. Thus, small doses of flocalin, that induce moderate opening of K(ATP) channels significantly decrease the number of necrotic and apoptotic cells in culture of rat neonatal cardiomyocytes induced by anoxia-reoxygenation.

Keywords: ATP-sensitive potassium channels, apoptosis,necrosis, anoxia-reoxygenation, rat neonatal cardiomyocytes,flocalin.


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