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ISSN 2522-9028 (Print)
ISSN 2522-9036 (Online)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz

Fiziologichnyi Zhurnal

is a scientific journal issued by the

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Editor-in-chief: V.F. Sagach

The journal was founded in 1955 as
1955 – 1977 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0015 – 3311)
1978 – 1993 "Fiziologicheskii zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
1994 – 2016 "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 0201 – 8489)
2017 – "Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal" (ISSN 2522-9028)

Fiziol. Zh. 2013; 59(2): 111-121


Role of neural stem cells in regeneration of the central nervous system

Rybachuk OA, Pivneva TA.

    O.O. Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz59.02.111

Abstract

Central nervous system (CNS) of adult mammalian and, in particular of people, is a typical example of organs that are not restored. However, the growing interest in the development of innovative treatments that are aimed at the regeneration damaged tissue CNS is based on the latest research in the field of stem cells and neurology. The recapitulation of normal neural development has become a vital strategy for CNS regeneration. Normal CNS development is initiated by the induction of stem cells in the CNS, i.e., neural stem cells (NSCs). Thus, the introduction or mobilization of NSCs could be expected to lead to CNS regeneration by recapitulating normal CNS development, in terms of the activation of the endogenous regenerative capacity and cell transplantation therapy. In this review we summarized the recent progress in study of basic stem cell biology, on the prospective identification of NSCs, the elucidation of the mechanisms of ontogenic changes, potential differentiation, and their therapeutic applications.

Keywords: embryonic stem cells, neural stem cells, neurogenesis,neurosphere, induced pluripotent stem cells.

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